Last Thursday, the US military first used in combat, explosive fragmentation aerial bomb GBU-43 – its most powerful non-nuclear warhead. Heavy transport aircraft C-130 dropped the ten-ton colossus in the complex of underground tunnels in the area of the Afghan province of Nangarhar Achin. According to the Pentagon, the bomb stuffed with a mixture of TNT, RDX and aluminum powder, destroyed 36 militant groups IG *.
Result for weapons of such power has turned out quite modest. The fact that the “mother of all bombs”, as it is proudly called the Americans, not intended for the destruction of fortified underground shelters. As bomb BLU-82 Daisy Cutter from the Vietnam War, the GBU-43 was developed for attacks on large forest areas with the aim of clearing large areas for helicopter landing with troops and to undermine enemy minefields.
The effect of the air strike turned out rather psychological. They say, “look, we can!” We will not prevaricate: exploded, to say the least, impressive. But the conflict with the enemy, having more or less modern air defense system, the GBU-43 is absolutely useless – a hulking C-130 shot down long before it will be released in the bombing area. RIA Novosti publishes a selection of other formidable weapons, which had no place on the battlefield of the XXI century. But which are still stored in warehouses and waiting in the wings.
The title of the heaviest bomb in history, by the way, belongs not to the GBU-43, and her younger sister – GBU-57, too, American-made. This corrected bunker ammunition weighs 13.6 tonnes, is able to penetrate into the ground 60 meters or 19 meters to penetrate the reinforced concrete. The first batch of 20 US Air Force bombs received in 2011, but had not yet been used in combat.
However, the most powerful non-nuclear bomb was developed in Russia. We are talking about the air vacuum munition ODAB-9000, tested 11 September 2007. For the purpose of his dropped strategic bomber Tu-160. Explosive power – 44 tons of TNT to 12 tons at the GBU-43, and the radius of the guaranteed destruction is greater than 300 meters. Russian media have written about the trial, immediately nicknamed ODAB “Kuzkin father” – or “the Pope of all bombs.” All the information about this bomb is still classified. It is not known nor the number of issued ammunition or where they are stored.
Gods of war
Second place on the power (and the lack of demand) among non-nuclear weapons are occupied by large-caliber cannon artillery. Its development during the Cold War and the Soviet Union were engaged in, and the United States. Both countries sought to create an effective means of delivering tactical nuclear warhead small capacity to strike against concentrations of enemy troops in a relatively small distance
In our country, such weapons has become a 203-mm self-propelled gun 2S7 “Pion” and its modification 2s7M “Malka”. Despite the fact that these systems are designed for firing shells with a special warhead, gunsmiths have created for them a number of non-nuclear weapons high power. For example, high-explosive rocket-assisted projectile ZFOF35 weighing 110 kilograms, “Peony” can beat as much as 50 kilometers. That is, combat capabilities, this self-propelled gun is very close to the guns of the main fire battleships during World War II.
However, the power and long range “Peony” and “Malki” – not only advantages, but also disadvantages. Polygons suitable for shooting of the guns on the average and the maximum range of the USSR and Russia, very few – can be counted on the fingers. In addition, these self-propelled guns, ammo is relatively small – four rockets at the “Peony” and eight for “Malka”. Nevertheless, in the arsenals of the Russian Armed Forces are still kept more than 300 of these self-propelled guns, has never been applied in this battle.
Western countries are actively experimenting with a heavy artillery in the 1940-1950 years. Many have heard about the German self-propelled mortar “Karl” (600 mm) and rail guns “Dora” (800 mm), restrictions apply in the Great Patriotic War during the shelling, in particular, Sevastopol and Brest Fortress. However, much less is known about the American mortar Little David, first tested in 1944. This monster weighed 88 tonnes and had a caliber of 914 mm. However, this mortar could beat up to eight kilometers, and so the troops and did not go.
“Caspian Sea Monster”
During the Cold War Command of the Armed Forces of the USSR actively seek an effective way to deal with the US aircraft carriers. One of the most unusual solutions become impacted-winged missile “Lun” – a kind of “hybrid” of ships and planes. US analysts for an impressive appearance and fighting characteristics immediately nicknamed him “Caspian monster”. Wonder apparatus possessed outstanding dimensions – 75 meters long and 20 meters in height, has been able to reach over the sea to a speed of 500 kilometers per hour. The prototype was launched on July 16, 1986.
Due to the fact that “Lun” was on target at extremely low altitude, the ship’s air defense cannot detect it. WIG craft was able to sneak up on a warrant carrier strike group unnoticed at close quarters and to a volley of six launchers supersonic anti-ship missiles “Mosquito”. Each of them was equipped 300-pound warhead and was on target at altitudes ranging from seven to 20 meters. Even half of the ammunition WIG enough to destroy an aircraft carrier.
Unfortunately, “Lun” was built in a single copy. This powerful and beautiful weapon from the decaying country has no money. In our time, a bet on the fight against aircraft carriers is on the sea and air-based cruise missiles launched from long range. However, the theme of the revival WIG program periodically discussed in the expert community, and in the Defense Ministry.
Another “killer of aircraft carriers’ unique performance characteristics is considered to be underwater missile-torpedo” squall “. It was adopted by the Soviet Navy service in 1977. Initially, the rocket-torpedo carrying a nuclear warhead of 150 kilotons, the variant was later built with conventional warheads. Her recent modifications can carry up to 350 kilograms of explosives.
The main advantage of this ammunition is its speed – about 370 kph (200 knots). Such performance was achieved by the use of the underwater jet engine operating solid fuels, which provides greater traction and movement of the missile in the civilian cavity (air bubble), which reduces water resistance.
Decade in the world was not a single torpedo that at least came close to “squall” in its speed characteristics. However, in 2005 Germany reported on the finalization of the missile-torpedo “Barracuda”, using the same principle of civilian and the ability to develop a similar speed.
But the main drawback of this type of weapon – an extremely low long range. “Squall” able to hit a target at distances up to 13 kilometers. Given the long-standing problem of our submarines – a high level of noise emitted by traffic and noise of the most torpedo missiles – this weapon has a very limited scope. Nevertheless, “Squall” is still the limiting factor that likely opponent is bound to be taken into account when approaching our ships and submarines.