July 29, 1944, in the Belorussian strategic offensive operation, better known as “Operation Bagration”, the Red Army inflicted a crushing defeat of the German Army Group “Center”. It was less than a year to complete the defeat of the Nazis.

on the eve It is widely known for fighting for the liberation of Ukraine by the Red Army in the autumn 1943 – winter 1944. To a lesser extent known operations on the territory of modern Belarus. And if in the South of Belarus Red Army were successful (were released Gomel, Rechitsa and a number of settlements), the fighting in Orsha and Vitebsk directions came with heavy losses and without significant advance troops. Here the German defenses had to literally “gnaw”.

On the eve

However, by the spring of 1944, there was an extremely disadvantageous for the German troops of the front configuration when a part of Army Group “Center” turned out to be covered with the north and south. Despite this, the German High Command expected the most powerful Soviet blow followed in Ukraine, that is where were concentrated to 80 percent of German tanks and a large number of manpower. The further events showed that it was one of the mistakes of the German command.

We can not say that was offensive to the German troops as a complete surprise – to hide the concentration of a large number of troops and equipment it is impossible, but the strength and direction of the blow were to the enemy largely sudden.

Vitebsk Operation

Vitebsk Operation During operation “Bagration” occupies a special place Viciebsk offensive operation, held flank armies 1st Baltic and 3rd Belarus fronts and interesting as a successful example of interaction between the two fronts.

Encirclement and Destruction of strong German forces in Vitebsk region were made without the involvement of large tank units – only combined arms. Despite the fact that the attack took place in unfavorable for large-scale action, abounding forests and wetlands area, the operation was carried out successfully and in a very short time. He played a role, and apparently, a personal order of Adolf Hitler rejected the proposal to keep the all-important, but at the same time inconvenient for the defense sector of the front.

Already on June 23, the first day of the offensive, Soviet troops had made significant progress, and the day after fighting took place in Vitebsk, which was released in the early morning of June 26th. The second part of the operation has been associated with the elimination of a few were surrounded enemy forces. By the evening of June 28, the enemy resistance was broken. The main role was played by the speed of action and the overwhelming superiority of the Soviet forces in the air, as in countering enemy air almost did not have. During occupation and

Vitebsk Operation During operation “Bagration” occupies a special place Viciebsk offensive operation, held flank armies 1st Baltic and 3rd Belarus fronts and interesting as a successful example of interaction between the two fronts. Encirclement and Destruction of strong German forces in Vitebsk region were made without the involvement of large tank units – only combined arms. Despite the fact that the attack took place in unfavorable for large-scale action, abounding forests and wetlands area, the operation was carried out successfully and in a very short time.

He played a role, and apparently, a personal order of Adolf Hitler rejected the proposal to keep the all-important, but at the same time inconvenient for the defense sector of the front. Already on June 23, the first day of the offensive, Soviet troops had made significant progress, and the day after fighting took place in Vitebsk, which was released in the early morning of June 26th. The second part of the operation has been associated with the elimination of a few were surrounded enemy forces. By the evening of June 28, the enemy resistance was broken. The main role was played by the speed of action and the overwhelming superiority of the Soviet forces in the air, as in countering enemy air almost did not have. During occupation and

He played a role, and apparently, a personal order of Adolf Hitler rejected the proposal to keep the all-important, but at the same time inconvenient for the defense sector of the front. Already on June 23, the first day of the offensive, Soviet troops had made significant progress, and the day after fighting took place in Vitebsk, which was released in the early morning of June 26th. The second part of the operation has been associated with the elimination of a few were surrounded enemy forces. By the evening of June 28, the enemy resistance was broken.

The main role was played by the speed of action and the overwhelming superiority of the Soviet forces in the air, as in countering enemy air almost did not have. During occupation and fights, Vitebsk was turned almost into ruins and from 167 thousand. Inhabitants (census 1939) at the time of the liberation of the city only 118 people remained.

Bobruiskaya offensive

Bobruiskaya offensive A powerful blow was struck by the Red Army and in the direction of Bobruisk. Here the German forces on the basis of a number of intermediate lines attempted to preserve and display technology and the most efficient part. However, withdrawing dense column of German troops was scattered and destroyed by the blows of artillery and tanks. Of great importance in the battles near Bobruisk played almost complete air superiority of Soviet aviation.

Bombers and attack aircraft are often operated without any fighter cover. So, two hours June 27, 1944, on one of the pillars of the German hit 159 tons of bombs. A further examination of the area determined that the enemy left in place more than a thousand killed, 150 tanks and about 1,000 guns and more than 6,500 cars and trucks.

June 29 Bobruisk was liberated by Soviet troops. Separate German units managed to break out of the ring to Osipovich where they were finally dispersed. Minsk “pot” Third, surrounded by major German group it has been carried out by Soviet troops near Minsk. As in other parts of the Soviet offensive was developing rapidly. July 2 was released Borisov – the occupation of the city lasted just three years and one day (July 1, 1941, to July 2, 1944). The Red Army, bypassing Minsk, cut the road to Baranovichi and Maladzechna. German troops east of Minsk and in the city were surrounded. All in the ring were about 105 thousand. Man.

Soviet troops on the experience of previous campaigns could very quickly create an external environment of the front and cut the German group into several parts. July 3 Minsk was liberated. Today, this date is celebrated as the Day of Independence of Belarus. Surrounded by German troops in small groups of up to two thousand people have made repeated attempts to break through bypassing of Minsk from the north and from the south.

On the first day, the Luftwaffe tried to organize an air bridge, but the rapid change of the situation and the rule of Soviet fighters in the air forced the German High Command to abandon this option. Now, surrounded by pieces were left to themselves. To combat the disparate groups in the units of the 2nd Belorussian Front began to form special mobile units (three infantry regiment).

Support of mobile units of action performed from the air when the aircraft adjusted the actions of ground units and assault inflicted blows. Active support in the destruction of disparate groups of regular troops is about 30 partisan detachments. In total, during the operation of the Minsk Germans lost about 72 thousand. Killed or missing and 35 thousand. People. prisoners. The success of the operations in the eastern and central parts of Belarus allowed proceeding without waiting for the release of the western regions of the Republic, the Baltic States and Poland.

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